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Salt, Dust, Light, and Water in the Bible

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The Study of Salt, Dust, Water, and Light in the Bible

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Studying Salt, Dust, Water, and Light in the Bible
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Studying Salt, Dust, Water, & Light in Scripture

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Studying Salt, Dust, Water & Light in Scripture

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Salt, Dust, Water & Light in Scripture

Salt, Dust, Water & Light in Scripture

What is salt, dust, and stone in the Bible
In Scripture, DNA is both dust and salt
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Was Creation of Eve From Adam's Rib Accurate
Atheists Pg > Atheists Bible Challenge
Eve taken from Adam's side
by Stephen Michael Leininger
Posted: 06/25/2020
Updated: 06/10/2024
STOSS Books

Do You Believe the Bible Was Written by Man Without Help From a Higher Intelligence?

Do you believe the Bible was written solely by man alone? Do you believe these human authors were not inwardly inspired by a higher intelligence—maybe even a Divine Intelligence??? Let’s examine the mysteries of science that we believe God inspired Moses to reveal in the biblical account of Eve’s creation. Incidentally, there are at least thirty-four such mysteries in the Bible that have been uncovered by author, Stephen Michael Leininger. So the following example is, by no means, an isolated occurrence.
The following is the biblical account of Eves creation from Adams rib. After reading it, and also the background information that follows it, you will be asked to take the atheists challenge concerning those verses.

Genesis 2:20-24 (RSVCE)

* Verse 20 -- The man gave names to all cattle, and to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for the man there was not found a helper fit for him.
* Verse 21 -- So the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh;
* Verse 22 -- and the rib which the LORD God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man.
* Verse 23 -- Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of Man.
* Verse 24 -- Therefore a man leaves his father and his mother and cleaves to his wife, and they become one flesh.

The Science of Eve’s Creation

The following scientific discoveries will help to understand how God accomplished his goal, as described by Moses, which was to create a “helpmate” (Eve) from the human material of Adam’s body. Let me preface the discussion of the rib with a comment about a common misinterpretation of Genesis. Many try to equate the rib as being a symbolic representation of a covenantal marriage (the two become one-flesh). However, the case will be made here that attaching allegory, metaphor, or symbol to the interpretation of the rib in Genesis 2 would be a mistake. Why? It would be tantamount to saying the most important takeaway from Jesus’ birth in a stable is that he loved poverty. While that interpretation would be true, it doesnt come close to being the most significant exegetical conclusion.

Support for the Hypothesis that Scriptural Salt/Dust Point to DNA

In 1953, James Watson et al. published a paper in Nature titled “Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid [DNA].” The first sentence states, “We wish to suggest a structure for the salt [emphasis added] of deoxyribose nucleic acid (D.N.A.).” DNA is a biological salt that is also biological dust.[1] Upon death, our “dust returns to the earth as it was, and the spirit returns to God who gave it” (Eccl 12:7). All metamorphic rocks and, therefore, stones/dust are formed from two or more minerals,[2] inorganic solids possessing a crystalline structure.[3]
After losing positively charged hydrogen ions, the 5-carbon sugar and phosphate DNA backbone becomes negatively charged. Consequently, they bind to a cation to achieve electrostatic neutrality. Initially, it was hypothesized that Mg++ (magnesium, an alkali metal) was that cation.[4] Subsequently, Na+ (sodium, an alkali metal) was identified as the cation in the B form of the DNA molecule.[5] When an organic acid[Watson, DNA, Double Helix, 160.] (a phosphate group in DNA) bonds to an alkali metal (e.g., sodium), it forms the salt of DNA, an organic salt that is also dust. As it is with all minerals, DNA has a crystalline structure.[6] Rosalind Franklin helped discover the structure of DNA through X-ray crystallography.[7]
DNA is an electrostatically bonded collection of tiny stones, i.e., dust, surrounded by dynamically structured water molecules.[8] Microbiologist William Whitman said, “DNA by itself is a rock.”[9] Not being a geologist or theologian, Whitman can be forgiven for mischaracterizing DNA. In ancient Hebrew and Greek, “rock” refers to the original structure from which stones/dust are separated by erosion, earthquakes, etc.[10] Thus, DNA is not a rock; it’s dust/stone.
More specific to man in Scripture is “clay.” It symbolizes God’s original formation of man to that which he pleases,[11] but it does not stop there. The biology of our fallen nature provides us the tools to re-mold ourselves through behaviors, environment, and the epigenome.[12] Biblical clay[13] points to the biological means by which re-molding occurs.[14]
Clay is a very close symbolic representation of the human body’s dust and water cellular composition. Clay is comprised of two primary substances: 1) dust finer than silt, i.e., 2 μm or less, and 2) water. When referring to man’s clay, water symbolizes structured biological water. In this context, Jesus’ applying mud/clay to the blind man’s eyes can be more deeply understood (John 9:1-7). In comparison, the nuclear volume of an entire human sperm cell containing a DNA molecule is about 28.53 μm.[15]
Understanding structured biological water leads to a deeper understanding of water’s meaning in Scripture. Does the matter and form of Baptism affect both body and soul?[16] The Holy Spirit and water seem to have an extensive and inextricable relationship. For example:
·  Spirit of God moving across the face of the waters (Genesis 1:2);
·  Manna was brought to the people by water in the form of dew (Exodus 16:13-14);
·  The parting of the Red Sea (Exodus 14:21); Elijah parting the waters of the Jordan River (2 Kings 2:8);
·  Purifying the bad waters with salt from a new bowl, i.e., Jesus’ resurrected glorified body (2 Kgs. 2:19-22)
Each action used the instrumentality of organic matter, i.e., staff, manna, or sheepskin mantle. The human heart processes about two thousand gallons of biological water per day.[17] It contains, among other biological matter, blood cells and hormones.[18] Our blood radiates electromagnetic energy,[19] i.e., photons that provide entropy–reducing[20] information[21] that goes into making our DNA, RNA, and all the proteins they produce.[22]
Through the instrumentality of hydronium (H3O) ions, hydration shells can extend from a nucleating nonbiological surface up to one meter, consisting of millions of layers of water molecule “sheets.”[23] In the human cell, the layers of structured biological water range from ten to one hundred layers.[24] According to Vladimir Voeikov, biological water, working together with the solid surfaces of the cell, determines the organization of living organisms at all levels.[25] There are no coincidences in God’s plans. He deliberately chose Adam’s rib, located adjacent to his pre-fallen biological heart, for an essential biological reason.[26]
The rib in Genesis is notable. In the Sumerian language, rib and life are the same word. Adam names his wife Eve, a form of the Hebrew word meaning life. There are “no parallels in ancient Near Eastern mythology, [to help one understand] what a rib (Gen 2:22) may symbolize”[27] This paper should help.

Link to Why Haven’t Scientists Connected Bible Dust/Salt to DNA

When I first realized that salt and dust in Scripture refer to the salt and dust of DNA, I was shocked and puzzled at the same time. I couldn't understand why someone in the scientific community had not already discovered this. Only recently was I able to discover what I believe to be the reason. That explanation can be in the article, “Why Biologists Haven’t Connected DNA to Dust and Salt in the Bible.”

Eve: The Only Organism Whose Creation is Explained in Biological Detail

As a description of a creation event, Genesis 2 presents a biblical anomaly. In Genesis 1-2, God briefly describes how species were made. For example: “Let the earth sprout, (Gen 1:11)” “Let the waters teem, (Gen 1:20)” and “Let the earth bring forth” (Gen 1:24). Even the description of Adam’s creation was brief; “The Lord God formed man of dust from the ground” (Gen 2:7). In summation, Scripture reads, “Out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast . . . bird”( Gen 2:19). God uses about four to six descriptive words to describe each creation event—that’s all.
In sharp contrast, God used approximately one hundred sixty words to describe Eve’s creation from Adam. From the detailed biological science employed to describe Eve’s creation from Adam’s rib, we can deduce that God actively intervened in her formation and wanted us to know that. Above and beyond the general “dust of the earth,” Scripture specifically reveals the organic materials from which she was formed. It describes the process used to create her.
Why so detailed about her creation? Some possibilities are:
·  God wanted to make clear his active intervention in Eve’s creation from Adam’s rib,
·  He wanted to ensure we did not believe Adam and Eve were born from animal parents,
·  As beings destined to partake in the Trinitarian dialogue of Love,[28] God wanted to create Adam and Eve in the perfect image of the Trinity, created with the complementarity necessary for spiritual and material Love,[29]
·  Besides showing the pre-existing living matter used to form Eve, God gave us a symbolic message. The only type of stem cell missing from Adam’s bone marrow was totipotent—the only type from which a placenta can be formed.[30] Was God sending a message employing phenomenological language? Yes.[31] Eve was made from Adam’s rib, not born, and
· God wanted Man’s first parents to exist in a perfect one–flesh covenant of salt, par excellence.[32]
In the Blog section of this website, there is a three-part blog that addresses the actual historicity of Adam and Eve and their mode of creation. The title of this three-part series is: Mitochondrial Eve: Should Christians be Worried? In Part I:  Scripture, Magisterial documents, and the writings of others are used to support the literal interpretation of Genesis 2: 20-24. In Part II: the relationship between the science relating to so-called mitochondrial Eve and Scripture is examined. In Part III: it is shown that any hypothesis that starts with the assumption that Adam & Eve were born and not made is, from a theological standpoint, highly problematic ... even heretical.
In the Genesis creation account, Moses revealed to us (with or without his personal comprehension of said facts) the science behind surgery and adult stem cell therapy (Gen, v. 21). Callea et al., marveled at the analogy between sleep and anesthesia (as would be necessary for bone marrow transplant). According to Drs. Francesco and Michele Callea, The recent discovery (or rediscovery) of stem cells in bone marrow and their application in regenerative medicine would seem to support the hypothesis that the development of science could be predicted from the story of Adams rib. Surprisingly, the progress of science, in turn, may lead us to look again into the narrative of our evolutionary ancestry. It would seem, at least in part, that they concur with the very claim made in the past, which is this: many of the scientific discoveries, especially concerning man, occurring today have been hidden in Scripture (not in textbook fashion, but as Applied Science) for thousands of years … beginning with the Genesis account of Adam and Eve.[33] God is not anti-science. Rather, He is the Scientist-in-Chief.
This leads us to an important question. Of all the bones in the body, why did Moses focus on, and select, the rib? If your reply is something along the lines of its close proximity to the heart, then you are begging the question. How could Moses have known that the heart, in particular, was associated with emotions, feelings of love, desire for beauty (real or perceived beauty), or hate? The first mention of the heart in Scripture was in chapter six of Genesis. It was used in the very context of emotions/feelings of love, desire, or hate. Over three thousand years ago, Moses could not have known enough to make that association, unless he was inspired by a higher intelligence … an intelligence that also fully “Loves” (Gen. 6:6). Let’s examine the importance of the heart to Eve’s creation and the importance of the woman’s role as the holy spirit of the family.

In “Light” of Adam’s Heart and Eve’s Creation

Returning to Genesis, God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam. According to JP II’s thoughts, the word sleep in this passage, could very well have been a state of ecstasy.[34] The Hebrew word for Adam’s sleep is tardemah and the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scripture) translates the word into ekstasis (ecstasy).[35] Theologian Francois-Xavier Durrwell tells us that the Holy Spirit is the ecstasy of the Father and the Son.[36] This is very significant. The Holy Spirit is the ecstasy of God. The same Spirit dwells in the inner heart of man and overflows to the rest of the body. Based on a vision received from God, St. Hildegard of Bingen (declared a Doctor of the Church) writes about the heart, “The [biological] heart is the life and structure of our entire organism. It contains the whole body. Within it our thoughts are arranged and our will is brought to maturity.”[37] The understanding and significance of this quote will become much clearer as we discuss the science of the heart. First, we will discuss the properties of light (electromagnetic radiation). Then we will talk about the heart itself.
Wherever there is electrical current, there are, as a direct result of said electrical current, generated photons of light (EMR). The heart is the most powerful generator of electromagnetic energy in the human body.[38][39] … This energy envelops every cell in the human body. Furthermore, the generated magnetic field extends outward several feet or more in all directions from the body.[40][41] The electromagnetic field produced by the heart is 5,000 times stronger than the field generated by the brain. Using a magnetometer, the magnetic field of the heart can be detected at approximately three feet away. In contrast, the brain’s magnetic field can only be detected up to about three inches away.[42][43]
If you wish to view a video of the generation of this electrical current, go to https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v7Q9BrNfIpQ. What is really amazing is that electromagnetic fields are an important carrier of information.[44][45][46]. What information is carried by light? Light carries information critical to the self-organizing, or lack thereof, of living molecular systems which are trying to pull themselves up from disorder.[47] The electromagnetic field the heart generates can be coherent (ordered and consistent) or incoherent (disordered and erratic).[48] John Paul II believed biological coherence/harmony was a sure sign of purity of the human heart.[49] According to Dr. Fritz-Albert Popp, coherency means that an event occurring in one part of the organism immediately becomes an event for the entire organism. This is due to the specific communicative properties of biologically generated light.[50]
Feelings of love, care, and appreciation have been shown to generate a coherent field. Feelings of anger, frustration, and stress, on the other hand, generate an incoherent field. Research seems to indicate, whichever of these two types of field is generated by the heart, it will have a physiologically impact on the entire body.[51] Pope St. John Paul II tells us:
The body speaks not merely with the whole external expression of masculinity and femininity, but also with the internal structures of the organism, of the somatic [the entire body and its aggregate parts--SML] and psychosomatic [relating to the mind/mental--SML] reaction.[52]
Here’s another insight into the Genesis account of Eve’s creation. In verse 21, Moses tells us that God, in effect, opened up Adam’s flesh (as in, made an incision), took the rib, and then closed it up with flesh (Gen. 2:21). Remember, God is light unapproachable. He created material light to help us comprehend His Divine Light. Do you believe God used a physical scalpel to open Adam up? What is it doctors currently use to make an incision? It is highly structured/coherent light, called a laser. What about closing the incision up with flesh. “Contrary to old and traditionally held beliefs, research is beginning to dispel the idea that hormones (proteins expressed by genes within our DNA) are the primary cause for the triggering of cell division (mitosis) in growing embryos.[53][54] Research now suggests it is signaling coming from light in the UV spectrum originating from within the cell itself, termed mitogenic radiation (MGR).”[55][56] Hormones assume a more instrumental role in the process.
Here is one of the most important pieces of information relative to Eve’s creation in the image and likeness of Divine Charity. As we said previously, light is the carrier of information that organizes/builds biological life and affects how our DNA functions.[57][58] Using a REAC device (Radio Electric Asymmetric Conveyor), Drs. Ventura and Gimzewski have been able to capture the magnetic and electromagnetic fields (fields of light) generated by a collection of the cells of the entire body. They have found that these electromagnetic fields (such as the electromagnetic field generated by the beating heart) were able to cause non-differentiated stem cells to become differentiated cell types, such as heart muscle cells, nerve cells, skin cells, etc.[59] Their research does not stop there. The internal matrix of the cell is permeated by a sort of scaffolding that is made up of fibers. These fibers are continuously vibrating at specific frequencies. These frequencies change in response to environmental factors. Ventura and Gimzewski have been investigating whether or not the vibrations recorded from a beating heart affects the differentiation of stem cells exposed to that energy of sound (recall Adam’s rib). Initial results are indicating their hypothesis is correct.[60]
Im not going to go into any details in this article, but there are examples from the mystics that reinforce our assertion that the indwelling of the Holy Spirit in the human heart affects both the spiritual and biological heart ... the heart of flesh as described in Scripture (e.g., Ez. 36:25-27 DRA) ... as well as those in close proximity to it. In the case of the biological heart, these changes are marked and measurable. There are, at least, three documented and approved cases where saints of the Church have had miraculous effects produced on the biological heart as a result of the presence and indwelling of the Holy Spirit. They were St. Philip Romolo Neri, St. Gertrude, and St. Gemma Galgani. Think also about the Sacred biological Heart of Jesus.  Think about St. John (who rested his head on the breast / heart of Jesus at the Last Supper). These miracles help to validate the truth of these scientific studies regarding the human heart. The miracles mentioned above demonstrate conclusively that the Divine Light of the Holy Spirit dwelling in the spiritual soul produce physical effects on the function of the body, especially the biological heart.

The Science of the Heart

There is a reason that Scripture refers to the heart (830 times) much more than the mind (273 times). It used to be believed that the brain (mentioned zero times in Scripture) almost completely controlled the heart’s actions. We now know that is not correct. Almost every Eucharistic miracle in which the flesh of Jesus is revealed, tests reveal it is biological heart muscle tissue that is made visible. Furthermore, in cross-sections of the tissue from the Lanciano Eucharistic miracle, tests revealed the presence of the vagus nerve. Why is that significant?
The vagus nerve connects the brain to the heart (it extends to several other parts of the body, as well).[61] Of the approximately 200,000 fibers in the mid-cervical section of the right and left vagus nerve,[62] approximately ninety percent (180,000) are afferent (ascending the body), i.e. sending information to the brain; approximately ten percent (20,000) are efferent (descending the body), i.e. receiving information from the brain. No other part of the body has that high a ratio of afferent to efferent nerve fibers.[63][64]
Here is another indication how the difference in the heart of a woman differs from that of a man. The coherence/order of the electrical signals (also light) traveling from the heart to the brain would vary according to the coherence/order of the electromagnetic field generated by the heart. Another destination of the vagus nerve is the voice box (the larynx).[65] It would be logically consistent to believe the ‘quality’ of the signaling would also affect the voice. Possible evidence of said difference is this: a man processes a female’s voice in the area of the brain that processes music. The female voice is much more melodic and complex than the male voice.[66] As a consequence, and by comparison, men register another man’s voice in the region of the brain that processes visual information.[67] It would seem there is a very important reason that Jesus wanted to include the vagus nerve with his exposition of his human heart.
In Scripture, the power of the voice/sound is frequently revealed.
Paraphrasing an article written by Grace Wade for New Scientist magazine, we read:
The vagus nerve has been dubbed the sensory superhighway. …It helps regulate everything from the movement of food through our intestines to the steady beating of our heart. Recent research has revealed the vagus nerve’s role in a wider array of processes than we ever realized – not only monitoring organ function, but helping discern facial expressions and even regulating mood. Most enticingly, we are starting to understand how it governs inflammation, the immune response that runs rampant in conditions ranging from heart disease to Parkinson’s. …The vagus nerve regulates functions of the heart, stomach, lungs, liver and more.
About 2000 years ago, a Roman physician accidentally damaged the vagus nerve of a pig. As a result, the pig stopped squealing but continued to squirm. Vagus nerve stimulation is used to successfully treat conditions such as: inflammation, migraines, epileptic seizures, depression, obesity.[68]
It was only recently discovered that the heart produces and releases hormones. In fact, as a result of these discoveries, the heart was reclassified as an endocrine, aka hormonal, gland in 1983.[69] It produces hormones that, up until recently, were only thought to be produced by the brain and the ganglia. Among others, it produces the following hormones: norepinephrine (a stress hormone); dopamine (a “reward” hormone that is associated with several addictions); epinephrine,[70] and; oxytocin. The latter is the hormone involved with creating enduring pair bonding, biological “love”, childbirth, complex sexual/maternal behaviors, and lactation, just to name a few.[71] It has also been discovered that the levels of oxytocin produced by the heart are about the same as is produced in the brain.[72] Now we begin to see why the heart is associated with the ecstasy of love and the painful heartbreak that occurs when our love is not reciprocated. We can begin to see more clearly why the biological heart is the part of the “mouth” (in Scripture, the mouth symbolizes that which sends out the overflow of the inner heart, i.e., the material body) through which is expressed either “true” love (when the Spirit dwells in the inner heart) or biological love (when the flesh/chemicals are responding to sensual input that leads to hormonal desire).[73]
The heart communicates with the entire body through four means. They are: 1) neurologically (nervous system); 2) biochemically (hormones); 3) energetically (electromagnetic energy); and, 4) biophysically (pulse waves).[74] Researchers have made some very interesting discoveries concerning the physical heart. Coupling their research with the results of research conducted by Drs. J. Andrew Armour and Jeffrey Ardell,[75] we learn that the heart possesses its own complex “brain”(so to speak), complete with a network of neurons, proteins, neurotransmitters, and other components necessary for it to function as such. This, sort of, ‘heart brain’ is self-organizing and processes information independently of the cranial brain. Detecting the presence of hormones and other neurochemicals in the circulating bloodstream, the heart’s “brain” transmits this information to the cranial brain causing appropriate functional changes to its activities.[76][77]
Let’s tie this all together. The woman was taken out of man … more precisely, the stem cells of man. These stem cells were bathed in electromagnetic radiation generated by a heart that was in ecstasy due to the special indwelling of the Holy Spirit, who is Divine Light and Divine Charity. Remember, this was before the fall of man. Consequently, Adam was already in a state of perfect goodness and coherence/order,[78] even before his ecstasy. Remember also, research indicates that light directs what stem cells become, how they function, and their functional coherence. While I don’t know the particulars (I doubt anybody can), I have no doubt that being exposed, directly or indirectly, to the Light of the Holy Spirit would result in the woman’s creation as an imitation of the appropriations of the Holy Spirit. If it is often the heart that is informing the brain how to act, than it is logical to conclude that a woman created from stem cells radically exposed to a beating heart would be built to think and act very much differently than a man, especially in matters of the heart. In the event of Adam’s creation, there was no other human heart to exert the very special influence that Eve experienced.

Summary: Was Genesis 2:20-24 Allegory, Metaphor, or Fable?

The wording of Eve’s creation informs us in no uncertain terms that nothing in Genesis 2:20-24 is meant to be interpreted as anything other than a factual scientific description of the process by which historical Eve was formed from historical Adam’s biological rib. Her formation was guided by the spiritual soul which was the substantial form of her body.
Prior to the fall, the human body was designed by God to function perfectly. That perfect design included twenty-four ribs — twelve on each side of the lungs and heart.
1). As recorded in Genesis, God’s intention was to remove one of those ribs, from which God would take the stems cells necessary to form/grow Eve.*
2). Since God’s perfect design of the human body included 24 ribs, anything less would result in an imperfect design. A design less able to protect both the lungs and heart from damage.
3). Consequently, God used the only bone in the human body that is capable of regenerating itself, thus returning the body to its perfect state. God still got the stem cells he wanted in order to form Eve, and replaced the part he took from Adam.
The very fact that God took a bone out of Adam that would regenerate itself is a sure indication that the rib was not symbolic. The Genesis account of Eve’s creation was not allegory — but a real, historical, and scientific event. This is why God went into much greater detail about formation than the man’s creation.
*Scripture never specifically mentions creating a Person named Eve. In Genesis 1:27 it reads, “So God created [A] man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.” Put another way, the rational man was created in such a way that it contained all the necessary elements from which the female could be formed from the man — from the male. Thus, resulting in the difference, yet complementarity, between man and woman.

The Pre-Challenge Background

Whether or not this account is inspired by God makes no difference to the question I will be asking you to answer. In fact, for the sake of this discussion, we’ll assume that it is simply a fable written by an ordinary man. Let me provide a little bit of historical context. The human author of the first five books of the Bible is most likely Moses. He wrote these books circa 1600 BC to 1400 BC (about 3,600 years ago). Medical treatments in those days consisted largely of the application of incense, herbal concoctions, remedies containing some amount of animal or human dung, and bandaging. As far as anatomy, they would have had an elementary, sense-based, understanding of body parts, but very little beyond that. All that we now know about the biological sciences would be completely unknown to people back then.
The Question:
How could Moses have known the scientifically correct wording (the ONLY scientifically correct wording) to accurately describe what it would take for God to accomplish (in Moses’ fable) the creation of a fully formed female from the body of the male, Adam?
The Challenge:
This is a challenge requiring a rhetorical answer. Provide an answer to the above question. All the information given that precedes this challenge, convey's verifiable scientific facts. The words of Moses have been accurately conveyed for millennia (even if it was only 200 years ago, the question and challenge would still be valid). The Dead Sea Scrolls, which contain an intact version of the first chapter of Genesis, date back to 100 – to 1 BCE (see here). Consequently, supposition and conjecture will not be accepted as a plausible answer to the question. Saying this Genesis account is nothing more than a fable simply begs the question. Incidentally, there are thirty-four such mysteries of advanced cutting-edge science that God has hidden in Scripture. It is our opinion that it would be extremely difficult for someone to examine all 34 mysteries and come away maintaining a plausible belief that some higher intelligence didn’t inspire the human authors.
To see a list of all blogs and articles with descriptions and links, go here: https://www.stossbooks.com/index.php

Endnotes:

[1] James Watson, Francis Crick, “Molecular Structure of Nucleic Acids: A Structure for Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid,” Nature 171, (1953): 737–738, https://doi.org/10.1038/171737a0.
[2] It is interesting to note that gold and silver consist of only one element in the Periodic Table. That is why they are never referred to as rocks or stones. Instead, they are called nuggets, bullion, coins, etc.
[3] Dust defined from the geological standpoint: Michael Pidwirny, “Composition of Rocks,” Fundamentals of Physical Geography, 2nd Edition (Kelowna, Canada: Okanagan University College, 1996, 2006), Chapter 10 (d), http://www.physicalgeography.net/fundamentals/10d.html.
[4] James D. Watson, The Double Helix: A Personal Account of the Discovery of the Structure of DNA (New York: Touchstone, 2001), 88, 160.
[5] Watson, DNA, Double Helix, 204.
[6] Watson, DNA, Double Helix, 165-166, 183, 193, and 113-114.
[7] Watson, DNA, Double Helix, 13, 45, 69.
[8] Gerald H. Pollack, Cells, Gels, and the Engines of Life, (Seattle: Ebner and Sons, 2001), 53-75.
[9] “Light shed on ancient origin of life,” University of Georgia, March 2013, ScienceDaily, https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/03/130307110644.htm.
[10] David L. Jeffrey and Klyne Snodgrass, “Stone,” in A Dictionary of Biblical Tradition in English Literature, ed. David L. Jeffrey (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1992), 736-737.
[11] E.g., Job 10:9, Jer 18:4, Rom 9:21, Wis 15:7-8, and Is 45:9.
[12] “The most current interpretation of epigenetics combines the concept of changes in gene expression and the implication of mitotic inheritance with the use of DNA as a reference point and the implication of generational, including meiotic, inheritance to give rise to our current definition: the study of changes in gene function that are mitotically and/or meiotically heritable and that do not entail a change in DNA sequence.” ; quoted from C.-t. Wu, J. R. Morris, “Genes, Genetics, and Epigenetics: A Correspondence,” Science 293, no. 5532, (2001): 1104, https://doi.org/10.1126/science.293.5532.1103.
[13] Cf. Exodus 20:5 and 34:7, Numbers 14:18, Deuteronomy 5:9, and Genesis 30:37-42.
[14] E.g., Gunnar Kaati, Lars Olav Bygren, Marcus Pembrey, & Michael Sjöström, “Transgenerational response to nutrition, early life circumstances and longevity,” Eur J Hum Genet 15, (April 2007): 784–785 & 789, https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5201832 ; and Natan Kellermann, “Epigenetic transmission of Holocaust trauma: can nightmares be inherited?” Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci 50, no. 1, (2013):33-39, PMID: 24029109.
[15] Ron Milo et al., “How Big Is a Human Cell,” Cell Biology by The Numbers, accessed 08/23/2016, http://book.bionumbers.org/how-big-is-a-human-cell/ ; Note: the database record for size/volume numbers for homo sapien sperm cell can be found at https://bionumbers.hms.harvard.edu/bionumber.aspx?id=109891&ver=1&trm=109891&org= .
[16] David Muehsam and Carlo Ventura, “Life Rhythm as a Symphony of Oscillatory Patterns: Electromagnetic Energy and Sound Vibration Modulates Gene Expression for Biological Signaling and Healing,” Global Advances in Health and Medicine 3, no. 2 (March 2014): 44-45, 47-48, https://doi.org/10.7453/gahmj.2014.008.
[17] WebMD Editorial Contributors, “Anatomy and Circulation of the Heart,” reviewed by Poonam Sachdev MD (Atlanta: WebMD, April 24, 2023), https://www.webmd.com/heart-disease/high-cholesterol-healthy-heart.
[18] William J. Kovacs and Sergio R. Ojeda, “Organization of the Endocrine System,” in Textbook of endocrine physiology, eds. William J. Kovacs and Sergio R. Ojeda, Sixth Ed (New York: Oxford University Press, 2011), 5.
[19] Vladimir L. Voeikov, “Biological Significance of Active Oxygen-Dependent Processes in Aqueous Systems,” Water and the Cell, ed. Gerald H. Pollack, Ivan L. Cameron, Denys N. Wheatly (The Netherlands: Springer, 2006), 286-288.
[20] Werner R. Loewenstein, The Touchstone of Life: Molecular Information, Cell Communication, and the Foundations of Life, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), Kindle Edition, Locations 123-132.
[21] Loewenstein, Touchstone of Life, Locations 320, 368.
[22] Loewenstein, Touchstone of Life, Locations 627-628, 868.
[23] Gerald Pollack, The Fourth Phase of Water: Beyond Solid, Liquid, and Vapor, (Seattle: Ebner and Sons, 2013), Kindle Edition, pp. 15, 25, 40, 66-67.
[24] W. Drost-Hanson, “Vicinal Hydration of Biopolymers: Cell Biological Consequences,” Water and the Cell, eds. Gerald H. Pollack, Ivan L. Cameron, and Denys N. Wheatley (The Netherlands: Springer, 2006), 175.
[25] Voeikov, Processes in Aqueous Systems, 286.
[26] David Muehsam and Carlo Ventura, “Life Rhythm as a Symphony of Oscillatory Patterns: Electromagnetic Energy and Sound Vibration Modulates Gene Expression for Biological Signaling and Healing,” Global Advances in Health and Medicine 3, no. 2 (March 2014): 44–47, https://doi.org/10.7453/gahmj.2014.008.
[27] Dianne Bergant and Robert J. Karris, The Collegeville Bible Commentary: Based on the New American Bible with Revised New Testament (Collegeville: Liturgical Press, 1989), 42.
[28] John Paul II, “Reconciliation and the Journey to The Father,” in general audience given September 15, 1999, n. 4 (Vatican: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1999), https://www.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/audiences/1999/documents/hf_jp-ii_aud_15091999.html ; Joseph Ratzinger, “Co-Workers of the Truth: Meditations for Every Day of the Year,” ed. Irene Grassl, trans. Mary Frances McCarthy and Lothar Krauth (San Francisco: Ignatius Press, 1992), 160–161 ; and Catechism of the Catholic Church, 2nd Ed. (Vatican City: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1997), n. 221.
[29] CCC, nos. 64, 260.
[30] Maureen L. Condic, “Totipotency: what it is and what it is not,” Stem Cells and Development, (Larchmont: Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.) 23 no.8, (2014 Apr 15): 796-812, https://doi.org/10.1089/scd.2013.0364, PMID: 24368070; PMCID: PMC3991987.
[31] John Lennox, Seven Days That Divide the World: The Beginning According to Genesis and Science (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011), 26.
[32] Richard Whitaker et al., “Berith,” The Abridged Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew-English Lexicon of the Old Testament: From A Hebrew and English Lexicon of the Old Testament, eds. Francis Brown, S.R. Driver, and Charles Briggs, Based on the Lexicon of Wilhelm Gesenius (Boston, New York, Houghton: Mifflin and Company, 1906).
[33] Callea, F. and Callea, M. (2011), “Adam’s rib and the origin of stem cells.” Am. J. Hematol., 86: 529. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/ajh.22005.
[34] John Paul II, in his general audience of Nov. 7, 1979, Return to the Subject of Human Love in the Divine Plan, Theology of the Body (Third Millennium Media L.L.C., The Faith Database L.L.C., 2008), note #3.
[35] John Paul II, Subject of Human Love, notes #2-3.
[36] Francois-Xavier Durrwell, Holy Spirit of God (original English translation published by Geoffrey Chapman, a division of Cassell, Ltd., 1986; reprint published by Servant Books, Cinncinati, OH, 2006)18-19.
[37] Robert Cunningham, Rev. Jerry Dybdal, and Ron Miller trans, Hildegard of Bingen's Book of Divine Works: With Letters and Songs, ed. Matthew Fox (Santa Fe, New Mexico: Inner Traditions Bear & Company. Kindle Edition, June 1, 1987), Kindle Locations 2380-2381.
[38] Rollin McCraty, Ph.D., Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, HeartMath Institute, (Boulder Creek, CA: Institute of HeartMath, 2015), 36.
[39] Katharine O. Burleson, Gary E. Schwartz. “Cardiac torsion and electromagnetic fields: The cardiac bioinformation hypothesis,” Medical Hypothesis, 2005, Vol. 64, 1109-1116; https://doi.org/10.1016/j. mehy.2004.12.023.
[40] McCraty et al., Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 36.
[41] Katharine O. Burleson, Gary E. Schwartz. “Cardiac torsion and electromagnetic fields: The cardiac bioinformation hypothesis,” Medical Hypothesis, 2005, Vol. 64, 1109-1116; https://doi.org/10.1016/j. mehy.2004.12.023.
[42] McCraty et al., Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 36.
[43] Stephen Michael Leininger, The Science & Theology of Salt* in Scripture: *Light, Water, Dust, and Stone too, Volume II, STOSS Books (Raceland, LA: written 2017, but not yet published).
[44] McCraty, Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 36-37.
Cited by author: Pribram, K.H. and F.T. Melges, “Psychophysiological basis of emotion,” in Handbook of Clinical Neurology, J. Vinken and G.W. Bruyn, Editors. 1969, North-Holland Publishing Company: Amsterdam. p. 316-341.
[45] Werner R. Loewenstein, The Touchstone of Life: Molecular Information, Cell Communication, and the Foundations of Life, (Kindle Location 548). Kindle Edition.
[46] University of Western Australia. Could your brain be reprogrammed to work better?. ScienceDaily. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/08/140806025318.htm (accessed October 5, 2017).
[47] Werner R. Loewenstein, The Touchstone of Life: Molecular Information, Cell Communication, and the Foundations of Life (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 10.
[48] Katharine O. Burleson, Gary E. Schwartz. “Cardiac torsion and electromagnetic fields: The cardiac bioinformation hypothesis,” Medical Hypothesis, 2005, Vol. 64, 1109-1116; DOI:10.1016/j. mehy.2004.12.023.
[49] Christopher West, Theology of the Body Explained (Boston, MA: Pauline Books and Media, 2003), 218.
[50] L.V. Beloussov, V.L. Voeikov. “From Mitogenetic Rays to Biophotons.” Biophotonics and Coherent Systems in Biology. ed. L.V. Beloussov, V.L. Voeikov, V.S. Martynyuk. (Kindle Locations 270-274). Kindle Edition.
[51] Glen Rein and Rollin McCraty, ECG Spectra: The measurement of coherent and incoherent frequencies and their relationship to mental and emotional states, Proc. 3rd Annual Conf. of the International Soc. Study Subtle Energies & Energy Medicine (Monterey, CA, 1993).
[52] John Paul II, in his general audience of Sept. 5, 1984, Responsible Parenthood Linked to Moral Maturity, Theology of the Body (Third Millennium Media L.L.C., The Faith Database L.L.C., 2008), n. 1.
[53] L.V. Beloussov, V.L. Voeikov. “From Mitogenetic Rays to Biophotons.” Biophotonics and Coherent Systems in Biology. ed. L.V. Beloussov, V.L. Voeikov, V.S. Martynyuk. (Kindle Locations 92-94). Kindle Edition.
[54] Robert O. Becker and Gary Selden, The Body Electric: Electromagnetism and the Foundation of Life, (New York, NY: Harper, 1985). The entire book is devoted to showing the truth of the role of light in functioning, growth, and healing of the body.
[55] Ibid., 105-107.
[56] Stephen Michael Leininger, The Science & Theology of Salt* in Scripture: *Light, Water, Dust, and Stone too, Volume II, STOSS Books (Raceland, LA: written 2017, but not yet published).
[57] Michigan State University. Electromagnetic Fields Affect Human Cells. ScienceDaily. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2000/10/001016073704.htm, (accessed October 5, 2017).
[58] Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Finland. Radiation From Mobile Phones Changes Protein Expression In Living People, Study Suggests. ScienceDaily. https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/02/080224100008.htm, (accessed October 5, 2017).
Journal Source: Myoung Soo Kwon, Victor Vorobyev, Sami Kännälä, Matti Laine, Juha O Rinne, Tommi Toivonen, Jarkko Johansson, Mika Teräs, Harri Lindholm, Tommi Alanko, Heikki Hämäläinen. GSM mobile phone radiation suppresses brain glucose metabolism. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 2011; DOI: 10.1038/jcbfm.2011.128.
[59] Ventura, DNA and Cell Reprogramming via Epigenetic Information Delivered by Magnetic Fields, Sound Vibration and Coherent Water, Webinar Transcript can be downloaded at: https://www.scribd.com/document/161598761/Dna-and-Cell-Reprogramming-Transcript.
[60] Ibid.
[61] McCraty, Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 5.
Cited by McCraty: Cameron, O.G., Visceral Sensory Neuroscience: Interception, (New York: Oxford University Press: 2002).
[62] Hoffman, H. H. and Schnitzlein, H. N. (1961), “The numbers of nerve fibers in the vagus nerve of man.” Anat. Rec., 139:429–435. doi: 10.1002/ar.1091390312
[63] McCraty, Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 5.
Cited by McCraty: Cameron, O.G., Visceral Sensory Neuroscience: Interception, (New York: Oxford University Press: 2002).
[64] Stephen Michael Leininger, The Science & Theology of Salt* in Scripture: *Light, Water, Dust, and Stone too, Volume II, STOSS Books (Raceland, LA: written 2017, but not yet published).
[65] Steven Wolf, Ph.D., “Pharynx and Larynx,” Anatomy Manual, (Emory University, Atlanta, GA, 1997), http://www.emory.edu/ANATOMY/AnatomyManual/pharynx.html, (accessed 4/24/2012).
[66] Men Hear Womens Melodies. Male and Female Voices Activate Distinct Regions in the Male Brain. Dilraj S. Sokhi et al. in NeuroImage, Vol. 27, No. 3, pages 572–578; September 2005.
[67] Sokhi DS, Hunter MD, Wilkinson ID, Woodruff PW. Male and female voices activate distinct regions in the male brain. Neuroimage. 2005 Sep;27(3):572-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.04.023. PMID: 15978839.
[68] Grace Wade, “Unravelling the secrets of the vagus nerve will revolutionise medicine”, New Scientist, https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg25934530-500-unravelling-the-secrets-of-the-vagus-nerve-will-revolutionise-medicine/, August 22, 2023 (accessed 09/10/2023).
[69] McCraty, Ph.D., Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 7.
Cited by author: Cantin, M. and J. Genest, “The heart as an endocrine gland.” Pharmacol Res Commun, 1988. 20 Suppl 3: p. 1-22.
[70] Ibid.
Cited by McCraty: Huang, M., et al., “Identification of novel catecholamine containing cells not associated with sympathetic neurons in cardiac muscle.” Circulation, 1995. 92 (8(Suppl)): p. 1-59.
[71] McCraty, Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 7.
Cited by McCraty:  Gutkowska, J., et al., “Oxytocin is a cardiovascular hormone.” Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, 2000. 33: p. 625-633.
[72] Ibid.
[73] Stephen Michael Leininger, The Science & Theology of Salt* in Scripture: *Light, Water, Dust, and Stone too, Volume II, STOSS Books (Raceland, LA: written 2017, but not yet published).
[74] McCraty, PhD., Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, p. 3.
[75] McCraty, PhD., Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, p. 5.
Cited by McCraty: Armour, J.A., “Peripheral autonomic neuronal interactions in cardiac regulation,” Neurocardiology, J.A. Armour and J.L. Ardell, Editors. 1994, Oxford University Press: New York. p. 219-244.
[76] McCraty, PhD., Science of the Heart, Vol. 2, 4-5.
Cited by McCraty: Armour, J.A., Anatomy and function of the intrathoracic neurons regulating the mammalian heart in Reflex Control of the Circulation, I.H. Zucker and J.P. Gilmore, Editors. 1991, CRC Press: Boca Raton. p. 1-37; and also, Armour, J.A., “Potential clinical relevance of the ‘little brain’ on the mammalian heart. Exp Physiol 93, no.2 (2008): p. 165-76.
[77] Stephen Michael Leininger, The Science & Theology of Salt* in Scripture: *Light, Water, Dust, and Stone too, Volume II, STOSS Books (Raceland, LA: written 2017, but not yet published).
[78] If our fallen state is described as “disordered, then are pre-fallen state would necessarily be described as ordered. Scripture tells us, “But thou hast arranged all things by measure and number and weight” (Wisdom 11:20).
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